Veiin ˙r deilistofnum er 30% af vermŠti aflans
VermŠti ˙thafsafla ˙r fiskistofnum eins og lonu, sÝld, kolmunna, karfa og grßl˙u sem einnig veiast utan Ýslenskrar l÷gs÷gu eru r˙m 30 % af ˙tflutningsvermŠti sjßvarafura og skiluu um 37 millj÷rum krˇna ßri 2001. Vi aild fengi ESB rÚtt til a semja fyrir h÷nd ═slendinga um ■essar veiar og myndi skammta Ýslenskum ˙tgerum kvˇtum ˙r ■essum fiskistofnum. Vi h÷fum afar slŠma reynslu af samskiptum okkar vi ESB ß ■essu svii, sbr. ˇsvÝfni ESB gagnvart ═slendingum varandi kolmunnaveiar.
Kvˇtahoppi felur einnig mikla hŠttu Ý sÚr
Auk ■ess er helsta afer Spßnverja til a komast yfir veiikvˇta annarra rÝkja ekki kvˇta˙thlutun heldur kvˇtahoppi, ■.e. kaup ß skipum Ý ÷rum rÝkjum. Skipi er ■ß skrß Ý landi fyrri eigenda en afla landa Ý heimalandi nřrra eigenda. Ůegar eru um 20% breskra fiskiskipa Ý eigu Spßnverja og Hollendinga. Bretar hafa ßkaft reynt a hindra a kvˇti ■eirra hoppi ■annig ˙r landi - ßn ßrangurs.
Since the EU states have no fishing history here
would they be allocated quota?
The principle within the EU is that the fishing vessels of all member states have equal access to common fishing grounds outside the twelve-mile zone, and that fishing stocks do not belong to coastal states, but are regarded as common to the EU. If Iceland were a member of the EU, the EU would have the deciding voice in the management of the fisheries off Iceland's coast, between the 12-mile and 200-mile lines. Attempts are often made to convince the Icelandic public that it will be possible to negotiate exemptions from the common fisheries policy for Iceland, which will retain exclusive rights to the fishing grounds off Iceland. The argument is that the EU nations have no recognised fishing history on Icelandic fishing grounds, and hence would be allocated no quota in Icelandic waters. The EU Council of Ministers, which allocates fishing quotas to member states, would thus allocate the entire quota to Iceland.
What appears to have been forgotten here is that the most influential of the EU member states are precisely the same nations that fished in Icelandic waters for centuries, i.e. Britain, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Spain. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, their fishing vessels ventured right up to Iceland's coast in search of catches. Some of them did not leave the fishing grounds until 1976, after three "Cod Wars." These nations will have a crucial influence upon the interpretation of "fishing history" in Icelandic waters.
The Spaniards' principal method of gaining access to other nations' fishing quota is not by allocation of quota but by quota "hopping," i.e. by purchasing fishing vessels in other countries. The ship is registered in the original country, but the catch is landed in the country of the new owner. Already about 20% of British fishing vessels are Spanish- or Dutch-owned. The British have made tireless efforts to prevent their quota "hopping" out of the country in this manner - but without success.